Enhanced performance of g-C3N4/TiO2 photocatalysts for degradation of organic pollutants under visible light
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Photocatalytic degradation is one of the most promising remediation technologies in terms of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for water treatment. In this study, novel graphitic carbon nitride/titanium dioxide (g-C3N4/TiO2) composites were synthesized by a facile sonication method. The physicochemical properties of the photocatalyst with different mass ratios of g-C3N4 to TiO2 were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), N2 sorption, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and UV–vis DRS. The photocatalytic performances were evaluated by degradation of methylene blue. It was found that g-C3N4/TiO2 with a mass ratio of 1.5:1 exhibited the best degradation performance. Under UV, the degradation rate of g-C3N4/TiO2 was 6.92 and 2.65 times higher than g-C3N4 and TiO2, respectively. While under visible light, the enhancement factors became 9.27 (to g-C3N4) and 7.03 (to TiO2). The improved photocatalytic activity was ascribed to the interfacial charge transfer between g-C3N4 and TiO2. This work suggests that hybridization can produce promising solar materials for environmental remediation.
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