A review on the effects of various supplementary cementitious materials on physical properties of hardened concrete
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The global development and current trends in social attitude are resulting in an increase in the amount of waste generated by society, the treatment and disposal of which are becoming a serious problem. Therefore, waste management is one of the most important aspects in ensuring sustainable development in today’s world. Some of the industrial by-products, such as pulverised-fuel ash (PFA), ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) and microsilica (MS) can be used in concrete to improve its properties. In this paper the influence of various by-products on the physical properties of concrete is reviewed.