The basis for Canada's new low-risk drinking guidelines: A relative risk approach to estimating hazardous levels and patterns of alcohol use
MetadataShow full item record
Issue: Low-risk drinking guidelines have been developed independently in a number of jurisdictions resulting in different sets of advice with different definitions of ‘low risk’. This paper discusses some of the fundamental issues addressed by an expert advisory panel during the course of developing national guidelines for Canadians and summarises key sets of evidence that were influential. Approach: The underlying reasoning and connection between the evidence and the guidelines is discussed in relation to: (i) how to minimise risk of long-term illnesses; (ii) how to minimise risk of short-term harms, for example injury; and (iii) alcohol use during pregnancy. Both absolute and relative risks were considered in the development of the guidelines. Findings: Meta-analyses of all-cause mortality were used to identify upper limits for usual drinking levels where potential benefits and risks were balanced for the average person in comparison with lifetime abstainers (10 standard drinks per week for women, 15 for men). Emergency room studies and situational risk factors were considered for advice on reducing short-term: (i) when not to drink at all; (ii) how to reduce intoxication; and (iii) upper limits for occasional daily consumption by adults aged 25 to 64 years (3 standard drinks for women, 4 for men). Shortcomings in the research data were highlighted. Implications: It was estimated that total compliance with these guidelines at a national level would result in substantially reduced per capita alcohol consumption and approximately 4600 fewer deaths per year.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Is there a 'low-risk' drinking level for youth? The risk of acute harm as a function of quantity and frequency of drinkingThompson, K.; Stockwell, Tim; Macdonald, S. (2012)Introduction and Aims. Drinking guidelines have rarely provided recommendations for different age groups despite evidence of significant age effects on alcohol consumption and related risks. This study attempted to quantify ...
Immediate effects on adult drinkers of exposure to alcohol harm reduction advertisements with and without drinking guideline messages: experimental studyWakefield, M.; Brennan, E.; Dunstone, K.; Durkin, S.; Dixon, H.; Pettigrew, Simone; Slater, M. (2018)© 2018 Society for the Study of Addiction Aims: To compare the immediate effects on drinkers of television advertisements focusing upon short- versus long-term harms with and without low-risk drinking guidelines. Design: ...
Testing the efficacy of alcohol labels with standard drink information and national drinking guidelines on consumers' ability to estimate alcohol consumptionHobin, E.; Vallance, K.; Zuo, F.; Stockwell, Tim; Rosella, L.; Simniceanu, A.; White, C.; Hammond, D. (2018)Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Aims: Despite the introduction of national drinking guidelines in Canada, there is limited public knowledge of them and low understanding of ...