Motivation to quit smoking among hospitalised individuals with and without mental health disorders
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Background : Persons with mental health disorders (MHD) have higher rates of smoking and poorer cessation of smoking outcomes than those without MHD. A decreased level of motivation may partially explain lower cessation rates, but there is little information on motivation among inpatients with MHD. Objectives: Primary aims were to compare (1) motivation to cease smoking among those hospitalised with MHD or non-MHD, (2) the proportion that attempted smoking cessation, and (3) use of aids to cessation. A secondary aim was to assess cessation up to six months post-discharge. Methods: Smokers were recruited at a tertiary hospital in Perth, Western Australia. Surveys were administered upon admission and at 5 and 14 days and 6 months post-discharge. Results: We recruited 64 MHD inpatients and 43 non-MHD inpatients. At baseline there were no significant differences between the groups on any measures of the five measures of motivation. Significantly more of the MHD sample attempted smoking cessation than those in the non-MHD sample (34 versus 13: ?<sup>2</sup>(1)=5.472, P=0.028). Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) alone was used by 70% of those attempting to quit but was only provided as part of discharge medication to two people and few persons (<21%) in either group used NRT post-discharge. By 14 days, three (4.7%) of the MHD group and none (0%) of the non-MHD group reported abstinence, at 6-months one from each group reported continuous abstinence since discharge from hospital. Conclusions: Motivation to cease smoking among inpatients with MHD was similar to those without MHD, as was use of NRT while hospitalised. The low provision of post-discharge NRT may contribute to the poor cessation of smoking outcomes and does not fulfil evidence based guidelines. © 2010 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists.
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