Development of SNP markers linked to the L locus in Capsicum spp. by a comparative genetic analysis
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In pepper, the TMV resistance locus L is syntenic to the tomato I2 and the potato R3 loci on chromosome 11. In this report, we identified pepper bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones corresponding to the I2 and R3 loci and developed L-linked markers using the BAC sequence information. A BAC library was screened using the tomato I2C-1 gene as a probe. The resulting clones were sorted further by PCR screening, sequencing, and genetic mapping. A linkage analysis revealed that BAC clone 082F03 could be anchored to the target region near TG36 on chromosome 11. Using the 082F03 sequence, more BAC clones were identified and a BAC contig spanning 224 kb was constructed. Gene prediction analysis showed that there were at least three I2/R3 R gene analogs (RGAs) in the BAC contig. Three DNA markers closely linked (about 1.2 cM) to the L4 gene were developed by using the BAC contig sequence. The single nucleotide polymorphism marker 087H3T7 developed in this study was subjected to linkage analysis in L4- and L3-segregating populations together with previously developed markers. The 189D23M marker, which is known to co-segregate with L3, was located on the opposite side of 087H3T7, about 0.7 cM away from L4. This supports the idea that L3 and L4 may be different genes closely linked within the region instead of different alleles at the same locus. Finally, use of flanking markers in molecular breeding program for introgression of L4 to elite germplasm against most aggressive tobamoviruses pathotype P1,2,3 is discussed. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.
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