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According to IARC figures ‘rare and less common’ cancers comprise more than a third of all cancer diagnoses as a group. However, advances in molecular biology have resulted in novel ways to classify cancers based upon genetic alterations and not just anatomical location, and this revised classification is at the heart of any move toward more personalized healthcare. It is now increasingly accepted that cancer should be thought of as many hundreds of more rare subtypes, each of which will have specific therapeutic options. We have selected colorectal carcinoma to illustrate the concept that each cancer is ‘rare’, and demonstrate why this is important for delivering on the concept of Predictive, Preventive and Personalized Medicine (PPPM) for cancer in terms of prediction of who will get the disease, how it will behave and how to prevent it.
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Pericytes promote malignant ovarian cancer progression in mice and predict poor prognosis in serous ovarian cancer patientsSinha, D.; Chong, L.; George, J.; Schlüter, H.; Mönchgesang, S.; Mills, S.; Li, J.; Parish, C.; Bowtell, D.; Kaur, Pritinder (2016)© 2015 American Association for Cancer Research. Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of pericytes in regulating malignant ovarian cancer progression. Experimental Design: The pericyte mRNA signature ...
Are macrophages, myeloid derived suppressor cells and neutrophils mediators of local suppression in healthy and cancerous tissues in aging hosts?Jackaman, Connie; Nelson, Delia (2013)Lung cancer is one of the commonest cancers worldwide and the incidence of malignant mesothelioma, caused by asbestos, is growing to global epidemic proportions. Standard chemotherapy only extends life expectancy in both ...
Ferro, R.; Falasca, Marco (2014)Pancreatic cancer is a highly aggressive tumour that is very resistant to treatments and it is rarely diagnosed early because of absence of specific symptoms. Therefore, the prognosis for this disease is very poor and it ...