The ‘‘Ins’’ and ‘‘Outs’’ of Physical Activity Policy Implementation: Inadequate Capacity,Inappropriate Outcome Measures, and Insufficient Funds
MetadataShow full item record
BACKGROUND: Despite broad public support and legislative activity, policies intended to promote physical activity in schools have not produced positive outcomes in levels of physical activity or student health. What explains the broad failure of Physical Activity Policies (PAPs)? Thus far, PAP research has used limited quantitative methods to assess PAP outcomes. New paradigms of qualitative policy implementation research can make important contributions to explaining the causes of policy failure and to the future design of more efficacious PAP legislation. METHODS :This analysis is a case study of South Carolina's 2005 Student Health and Fitness Act (SHFA). Written documents, investigators' observation and experience, and an interview with a key stakeholder were analyzed to for themes based on theoretical frameworks from education implementation research including (1) bottom-up and top-down perspectives, (2) conceptualizing policy as practice, and (3) the implementer as learner. RESULTS: “Weak policy signals” in SHFA undermined the implementation of PAP in 3 problematic areas: inadequate capacity development for implementers, inappropriate measures of implementation, and insufficient funding. CONCLUSIONS: These findings illustrate the contributions of qualitative research and establish the need for further qualitative research into PAP implementation processes. To ensure successful future physical activity policies, policymakers, and stakeholders need to consider implementation, evaluation, and funding from the beginning phases of policy development.
This is the accepted version of the following article: Howie, E. and Stevick, E. 2014. The ‘‘Ins’’ and ‘‘Outs’’ of Physical Activity Policy Implementation: Inadequate Capacity, Inappropriate Outcome Measures, and Insufficient Funds. Journal of School Health. 84 (9) : pp. 581-585, which has been published in final form at http://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12182
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Curriculum evaluation in higher education : a case study of a Physics pre-service teachers curriculum in IndonesiaMaison (2013)Recent government policies about the curriculum and the needs of stakeholders for qualified graduates have provided arguments for physics pre-service teacher education programmes in Indonesia to be evaluated. These arguments ...
Pate, R.; O'Neill, J.; Brown, W.; McIver, K.; Howie, Erin; Dowda, M. (2013)The purpose of this article was to highlight important research needs related to physical activity in 3- to 5-year old children. We identified research needs in 3 major categories: health effects, patterns of physical ...
Yeung, Ho Yi Polly (2009)Citizenship participation by young adults has reciprocal benefits for both individuals and society. Capacity to participate in activities that positively influence the community is indicative of healthy individuals and ...