Thermochemolysis of organic matter preserved in stalagmites: A preliminary study
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The analysis of organic matter (OM) preserved in stalagmites is a growing field, but there have been few studies of biomarker compounds such as lignin phenols that are widely used in other palaeoenvironmental contexts. Here we present a preliminary qualitative study of the OM in six stalagmite samples from contrasting environments, using thermochemolysis in the presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH). The results indicate that a wide variety of products is preserved, including several potential lignin-derived compounds, but also that further research is needed to maximise compound recovery and allow the analysis of dissolved OM preserved in stalagmites to reach its full potential.
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Identifying “free” and “bound” lipid fractions in stalagmite samples: An example from Heshang Cave, Southern ChinaHuang, X.; Jingwei, C.; Pu, Y.; Huang, J.; Blyth, Alison (2008)Stalagmites are good archives for paleoecological change, as they are easy to date, and contain multiple environmental proxy records, including climatic records from oxygen isotopes. Lipid biomarkers preserved within ...
Blyth, Alison; Baker, A.; Thomas, L.; Van Calsteren, P. (2011)Previous studies on lipid biomarkers preserved in Chinese stalagmites have indicated that ratios of low-molecular-weight (LMW) to high-molecular-weight (HMW) n-alkanes, n-alkan-2-ones, n-alkanols and n-alkanoic acids can ...
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