A Taguchi approach for optimum design of proportional-integral controllers in cascaded control scheme
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This study aims at resolving a specific problem in the area of renewable energy, energy storage systems, variable-speed drives, and flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) devices used in the electric power systems. The use of power conversion system (PCS) is very common in the aforementioned areas. A cascaded control scheme based on four proportional-integral (PI) controllers is widely used in the control of the PCS unit. Setting the parameters of the four cascaded PI controllers simultaneously is cumbersome, especially when the application is in the area of electrical power system which is difficult to express using a mathematical model or transfer function due to its nonlinear properties. This paper presents an optimum design procedure for the cascaded controller of the PCS unit using Taguchi method. To apply the design parameters obtained from Taguchi method, a renewable energy application is chosen where a variable-speed wind turbine generator system is connected to the power grid through two back-to-back PCS units. The effectiveness of the designed parameters using Taguchi method is then compared with that obtained using response surface methodology and genetic algorithm (RSM-GA) method under the grid fault condition.
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