Goal Striving, Coping, and Well-Being: A Prospective Investigation of the Self-Concordance Model in Sport
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Developing upon cross-sectional research (Smith, Ntoumanis, & Duda, 2007) supporting the self-concordance model (Sheldon & Elliot, 1999) as a framework for contextual goal striving, the current study investigated the assumptions of the model in relation to season-long goal striving in sport. The study additionally examined the role of coping strategies in the persistence of goal-directed effort. Structural equation modeling analysis with a sample of 97 British athletes indicated that start-of-season autonomous goal motives were linked to midseason effort, which subsequently predicted end-of-season goal attainment. Attainment was positively related to changes in psychological need satisfaction, which, in turn, predicted changes in emotional well-being. In a second model, autonomous and controlled motives positively predicted task- and disengagement-oriented coping strategies, respectively. In turn, these strategies were differentially associated with effort. The findings provide support for contextual adaptations of the self-concordance model and demonstrate the role of coping strategies in the goal striving process.
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Ntoumanis, Nikos; Healy, L.; Sedikides, C.; Duda, J.; Stewart, B.; Smith, A.; Bond, J. (2014)No prior research has examined how motivation for goal striving influences persistence in the face of increasing goal difficulty. This research examined the role of self-reported (Study 1) and primed (Study 2) autonomous ...
An Investigation of coach behaviors, goal motives, and implementation intentions as predictors of well-being in SportSmith, A.; Ntoumanis, Nikos; Duda, J. (2010)The present study aimed to expand upon Smith, Ntoumanis, and Duda's (2007) research by investigating the influence of coach behaviors and implementation intentions on goal striving in sport. Structural equation modeling ...
Smith, A.; Ntoumanis, Nikos (2014)Developing upon previous research advocating the benefits of autonomous motives for personal goal striving (e.g., Sheldon & Elliot, 1999), this study examined the role of goal motives in predicting athletes' disengagement ...