Breastfeeding Duration and Academic Achievement at 10 Years
MetadataShow full item record
rticlesBreastfeeding Duration and Academic Achievement at 10 YearsWendy H. Oddy, PhDa, Jianghong Li, PhDb, Andrew J. O. Whitehouse, PhDa, Stephen R. Zubrick, PhDb, Eva Malacova, PhDa,caTelethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia; andb Curtin Health Renovation Research Institute, Centre for Developmental Health, andcNational Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, AustraliaIntroduction The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between duration of breastfeeding and educational outcomes. We hypothesized that longer periods of breastfeeding would predict better educational outcomes in middle childhood.Methods The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study used a cohort of 2900 women who were enrolled at 18 weeks' gestation; with 2868 live-born children were followed prospectively. At ~10 years of age, data from 1038 children were linked to standardized mathematics, reading, writing, and spelling scores. Associations between breastfeeding duration and educational outcomes were estimated by using linear models with adjustment for gender, family income, maternal factors, and early stimulation at home through reading.Results Ten-year-old children who were predominantly breastfed for 6 months or longer in infancy had higher academic scores than children who were breastfed for less than 6 months. The effect of breastfeeding on educational outcomes differed according to gender; boys were particularly responsive (in mathematics, spelling, reading, and writing) to a longer duration of breastfeeding.Conclusions Predominant breastfeeding for 6 months or longer was positively associated with academic achievement in children at 10 years of age. However, the effectiveness of breastfeeding differed according to gender; the benefits were only evident for boys.Key Words: breastfeeding • education • child development • Raine StudyAbbreviations: WALNA = Western Australian Literacy and Numeracy Assessment • WAMSE = Western Australian Monitoring Standards in Education • CI = confidence intervalAccepted Sep 10, 2010.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Inoue, Madoka (2012)This thesis examines infant feeding practices, including knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding, factors that influence the duration of breastfeeding, and breastfeeding outcomes in relation to postpartum women’s ...
Factors that influence breastfeeding initiation and duration in urban, suburban and rural areas of Zhejiang Province, Peoples Republic of ChinaQiu, Liqian (2008)Introduction: Breast milk is the best way to feed all infants. It results in better nutrition for the infant and to reduced rates of chronic disease later in childhood and adulthood. Breastfed babies have lower rates of ...
Breastfeeding and health outcomes in infants who receive continuing care from hospitals or community health centres in Chengdu Sichuan Province, People’s Republic of ChinaYu, Chuan (2013)Introduction. The child health is one of the most important indicators of population health and the development of society. The health of children in China has improved in the past decades. The child health care system ...