Predicting subsequent task performance from goal motivation and goal failure
MetadataShow full item record
This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Recent research has demonstrated that the cognitive processes associated with goal pursuit can continue to interfere with unrelated tasks when a goal is unfulfilled. Drawing from the self-regulation and goal-striving literatures, the present study explored the impact of goal failure on subsequent cognitive and physical task performance. Furthermore, we examined if the autonomous or controlled motivation underpinning goal striving moderates the responses to goal failure. Athletes (75 male, 59 female, Mage = 19.90 years, SDage = 3.50) completed a cycling trial with the goal of covering a given distance in 8 min. Prior to the trial, their motivation was primed using a video. During the trial they were provided with manipulated performance feedback, thus creating conditions of goal success or failure. No differences emerged in the responses to goal failure between the primed motivation or performance feedback conditions. We make recommendations for future research into how individuals can deal with failure in goal striving.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Laguerre, Rick; Barnes-Farrell, Janet; Petery, Gigi (2019)Subjective age is the age one feels, which can often differ from one’s chronological age. Research shows that this form of age identification has cross-cultural relevance when assessing life-course development (Barak, ...
Ntoumanis, Nikos ; Healy, L.; Sedikides, C.; Smith, A.; Duda, J. (2014)Does motivation for goal pursuit predict how individuals will respond when confronted with unattainable goals? Two studies examined the role of autonomous and controlled motives when pursuing an unattainable goal without ...
Smith, A.; Ntoumanis, Nikos (2014)Developing upon previous research advocating the benefits of autonomous motives for personal goal striving (e.g., Sheldon & Elliot, 1999), this study examined the role of goal motives in predicting athletes' disengagement ...