Enhancing rehabilitation of mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit: A quality improvement project
MetadataShow full item record
Purpose: Prolonged periods of mechanical ventilation are associated with significant physical and psychosocial adverse effects. Despite increasing evidence supporting early rehabilitation strategies, uptake and delivery of such interventions in Europe have been variable. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an early and enhanced rehabilitation program for mechanically ventilated patients in a large tertiary referral, mixed-population intensive care unit (ICU). Method: A new supportive rehabilitation team was created within the ICU in April 2012, with a focus on promoting early and enhanced rehabilitation for patients at high risk for prolonged ICU and hospital stays. Baseline data on all patients invasively ventilated for at least 5 days in the previous 12 months (n = 290) were compared with all patients ventilated for at least 5 days in the 12 months after the introduction of the rehabilitation team (n = 292). The main outcome measures were mobility level at ICU discharge (assessed via the Manchester Mobility Score), mean ICU, and post-ICU length of stay (LOS), ventilator days, and in-hospital mortality. Results: The introduction of the ICU rehabilitation team was associated with a significant increase in mobility at ICU discharge, and this was associated with a significant reduction in ICU LOS (16.9 vs 14.4 days, P = .007), ventilator days (11.7 vs 9.3 days, P < .05), total hospital LOS (35.3 vs 30.1 days, P < .001), and in-hospital mortality (39% vs 28%, P < .05). Conclusion: A quality improvement strategy to promote early and enhanced rehabilitation within this European ICU improved levels of mobility at critical care discharge, and this was associated with reduced ICU and hospital LOS and reduced days of mechanical ventilation.
This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The effect of physiotherapy on the prevention and treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia for intensive care patients with acquired brain injuryPatman, Shane Michael (2005)Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality for patients in an intensive care unit. Once present, ventilator-associated pneumonia is known to increase the duration of mechanical ...
A binational multicenter pilot feasibility randomized controlled trial of early goal-directed mobilization in the ICU.Hodgson, C.; Bailey, M.; Bellomo, R.; Berney, S.; Buhr, H.; Denehy, L.; Gabbe, B.; Harrold, Megan; Higgins, A.; Iwashyna, T.; Papworth, R.; Parke, R.; Patman, S.; Presneill, J.; Saxena, M.; Skinner, E.; Tipping, C.; Young, P.; Webb, S. (2016)Objectives: To determine if the early goal-directed mobilization intervention could be delivered to patients receiving mechanical ventilation with increased maximal levels of activity compared with standard care.Design: ...
Expert consensus and recommendations on safety criteria for active mobilization of mechanically ventilated critically ill adultsHodgson, C.; Stiller, Kathy; Needham, D.; Tipping, C.; Harrold, Megan; Baldwin, C.; Bradley, S.; Berney, S.; Caruana, L.; Elliott, D.; Green, M.; Haines, K.; Higgins, A.; Kaukonen, K.; Leditschke, I.; Nickels, M.; Paratz, J.; Patman, S.; Skinner, E.; Young, P.; Zanni, J.; Denehy, L.; Webb, S. (2014)Introduction: To develop consensus recommendations on safety parameters for mobilizing adult, mechanically ventilated, intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Methods: A systematic literature review followed by a meeting of ...