Application of nanotechnology in Civil Infrastructures: Current status and future potential
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Nanotechnology has changed and will continue to change our vision, expectations and abilities to control the materials world. It is for these reasons, nanotechnology has recently become one of the hottest areas in research worldwide, and attracted considerable attention both in the media and in the investment community. Construction is unique, in that its products in the form of individual building and civil infrastructures are typically constructed from a vast combination of both conventional and new ‘high-tech” materials, using a relatively limited number of processes. Advances in productivity of the construction industry in the 20th century were slow, and development of its technology lagged behind that of other industry sectors. Nanotechnology is a route to achieving real competitive and sustainable growth and innovation within the construction industry. This scientific approach is essential if the potential for a new generation of materials, which are of both high performance and more economically viable is to be realised. This chapter provides an overview of the current development, perceptions and future potential of nanotechnology in civil infrastructures.
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