Lewis base complexes of AlH3: Prediction of preferred structure and stoichiometry
|dc.identifier.citation||Humphries, T. and Munroe, K. and Decken, A. and McGrady, G. 2013. Lewis base complexes of AlH3: Prediction of preferred structure and stoichiometry. Dalton Transactions. 42 (19): pp. 6965-6978.|
The structures adopted by a range of complexes AlH3·nL, (n = 1 or 2), have been explored in detail to identify the factors that determine the value of n, and whether a monomeric or dimeric arrangement is preferred for the 1 : 1 complexes. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction, vibrational and NMR spectroscopies, and thermal analysis data have been collected, DFT calculations have been performed for AlH3·nL species, and pKa values have been collated for a series of amine and phosphine ligands L. The pKa of the ligand L exerts an important influence on the type of complex formed: as the basicity of L increases, a monomeric structure is favoured over a dimeric arrangement. Dimeric amine complexes form if pKa < 9.76, while monomeric complexes are preferred when pKa > 9.99. The steric requirements of L also influence the structural preference: bulky ligands with large cone angles (>163°) tend to favour formation of monomers, while smaller cone angles (<125°) encourage the formation of dimeric or 1 : 2 adducts. The steric bulk of the ligand appears to be more important for phosphine complexes, with smaller phosphines being unable to stabilise the complex at ambient temperatures even through dimerisation. Raman spectroscopy and DFT calculations have been particularly helpful in elucidating the stoichiometric preferences of complexes that have been contentious; these include AlH3·NMe 2Et, AlH3·NMe3 and AlH 3·nEt2O. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013.
|dc.title||Lewis base complexes of AlH3: Prediction of preferred structure and stoichiometry|
|curtin.department||Department of Physics and Astronomy|
|curtin.accessStatus||Fulltext not available|
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