Verbal instructions targeting valence alter negative conditional stimulus evaluations (but do not affect reinstatement rates)
MetadataShow full item record
Funding and Sponsorship
This is an Author's Original Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Cognition and Emotion on 31/1/2017 available online at http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02699931.2017.1280449
Negative conditional stimulus (CS) valence acquired during fear conditioning may enhance fear relapse and is difficult to remove as it extinguishes slowly and does not respond to the instruction that unconditional stimulus (US) presentations will cease. We examined whether instructions targeting CS valence would be more effective. In Experiment 1, an image of one person (CS+) was paired with an aversive US, while another (CS-) was presented alone. After acquisition, participants were given positive information about the CS+ poser and negative information about the CS- poser. Instructions reversed the pattern of differential CS valence present during acquisition and eliminated differential electrodermal responding. In Experiment 2, we compared positive and negative CS revaluation by providing positive/negative information about the CS+ and neutral information about CS-. After positive revaluation, differential valence was removed and differential electrodermal responding remained intact. After negative revaluation, differential valence was strengthened and differential electrodermal responding was eliminated. Unexpectedly, the instructions did not affect the reinstatement of differential electrodermal responding.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
A potential pathway to the relapse of fear? Conditioned negative stimulus evaluation (but not physiological responding) resists instructed extinctionLuck, C.; Lipp, Ottmar (2015)Relapse of fear after successful intervention is a major problem in clinical practice. However, little is known about how it is mediated. The current study investigated the effects of instructed extinction and removal of ...
To remove or not to remove? Removal of the unconditional stimulus electrode does not mediate instructed extinction effectsLuck, Camilla; Lipp, Ottmar (2015)Following differential fear conditioning, the instruction that the unconditional stimulus will no longer be presented (instructed extinction) reduces differential electrodermal responding to CS+ and CS-, but does not ...
The influence of contingency reversal instructions on electrodermal responding and conditional stimulus valence evaluations during differential fear conditioningLuck, C.; Lipp, Ottmar (2016)In differential fear conditioning, the instruction that the conditional stimulus (CS) will no longer be followed by the unconditional stimulus (US; instructed extinction) reduces differential physiological responding ...