Appraisal of carbon-coated Li4Ti5O12 acanthospheres from optimized two-step hydrothermal synthesis as a superior anode for sodium-ion batteries
MetadataShow full item record
In this study, carbon-coated nanostructured Li4Ti5O12 acanthospheres with a highly porous and open structure, are prepared by a two-step hydrothermal synthesis, and are investigated as the anode for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). The impact of the amount of glucose on the spinel-phase formation, the secondary morphological structure, carbon content and graphitization of the as-prepared C/Li4Ti5O12 microspheres is studied. Additionally, the subsequent electrode performance, including capacity, rate capability, and cycling stability, particularly at elevated temperatures, is emphasized. By optimizing the amount of the glucose organic carbon precursor, attractive capacities of 186 mAh g-1 at 0.2 C, 141 mAh g-1 at 2.0 C, and 68 mAh g-1 at 10 C are achieved for the as-synthesized C/Li4Ti5O12, better than most reports on similar Li4Ti5O12 electrodes, suggesting the beneficial effect of morphology and carbon coating on the electrode performance. In addition, an outstanding cycling stability is demonstrated, with capacity retention of 93% after continuous cycling for 400 cycles at 1.0 C. At elevated temperatures, the important role of carbon in suppressing SEI formation and thus improving the cycling stability is highlighted. This suggests that the hierarchical carbon-modified Li4Ti5O12 acanthosphere from the optimized two-step hydrothermal synthesis is a promising anode material for SIBs with superior electrode performance.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Modified template synthesis and electrochemical performance of a Co3O4/mesoporous cathode for lithium–oxygen batteriesWang, S.; Sha, Y.; Zhu, Y.; Xu, X.; Shao, Zongping (2015)Rechargeable lithium–oxygen batteries (LOBs) with much higher energy density than conventional lithium-ion batteries are supposed to be the next generation of electrochemical energy storage devices. The oxygen electrode ...
Zhao, B.; Deng, X.; Ran, R.; Liu, M.; Shao, Zongping (2015)Despite enormous efforts devoted to the development of high-performance batteries, the obtainable energy and power density, durability, and affordability of the existing batteries are still inadequate for many applications. ...
A 3D porous architecture composed of TiO2 nanotubes connected with a carbon nanofiber matrix for fast energy storageZhao, B.; Jiang, S.; Su, Chao; Cai, R.; Ran, R.; Tade, Moses; Shao, Z. (2013)To develop high-power and fast energy storage devices, electrode materials with superior ionic and electronic transport properties should be developed. Herein, a novel composite electrode with TiO2nanotubes connected onto ...