Corticospinal excitability during preparation for an anticipatory action is modulated by the availability of visual information
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To intercept rapidly moving objects, people must predict the right time to initiate their actions. The timing of movement initiation in interceptions is thought to be determined when a perceptual variable specifying time to contact reaches a criterion value. If a response needs to be aborted, the performer must make a decision before this moment. It has been recently shown that the minimal time to suppress an anticipatory action takes longer during motion extrapolation than during continuous visual information. In experiment 1, we sought to determine whether or not the availability of visual information would 1) affect the latency to inhibit an anticipatory action, and 2) modulate the level of excitability in the motor cortex (M1). The behavioral results showed that the absence of visual information prolonged the latency to stop the movement as previously reported. The neurophysiological data indicated that corticospinal excitability levels were affected by the availability of visual information. In experiment 2, we sought to verify whether corticospinal excitability levels would also differ between the two visual conditions when the task did not involve response suppression. The results of experiment 2 indicated that excitability levels did not differ between visual conditions. Overall, our findings indicated that the buildup of motor activation can also play a role in determining different latencies to inhibit an anticipatory action. They also suggest that the buildup of motor activation in the corticospinal pathways can be strategically modulated to the requirements of the task during continuous visual information.
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Premovement inhibition can protect motor actions from interference by response irrelevant sensory stimulation.McInnes, Aaron Nicholas ; Lipp, Ottmar V ; Tresilian, James R; Vallence, Ann-Maree; Marinovic, Welber (2021)KEY POINTS: Suppression of corticospinal excitability is reliably observed during preparation for a range of motor actions, leading to the belief that this preparatory inhibition is a physiologically obligatory component ...
Marinovic, Welber; Tresilian, J.; de Rugy, A.; Sidhu, S.; Riek, S. (2014)A loud acoustic stimulus (LAS) presented during movement preparation can induce an early release of the prepared action. Because loud sound has been found to have an inhibitory effect on motor cortex excitability, it is ...
The effects of preparation and acoustic stimulation on contralateral and ipsilateral corticospinal excitabilityMarinovic, Welber; Flannery, V.; Riek, S. (2015)A loud auditory stimulus (LAS) presented together with an imperative stimulus during preparation for motor actions can speed their initiation. The effects of LAS on corticospinal excitability (CSE), however, depend on the ...