Minimum detection of power transformer short circuit fault using frequency response analysis
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The majority of mechanical deformation within power transformers is due to short circuit faults. Although, frequency response analysis (FRA) has been recently recognized as the most reliable detection tool for mechanical deformation in transformers, in the event of minor fault, the current FRA interpretation approach may not able to detect any variations between healthy and faulty FRA signatures. This paper is aimed at identifying the minimum level of short circuit fault within power transformer that can be detected using FRA technique. In this regard, the physical geometrical dimension of a three-phase transformer has been simulated using three-dimensional finite element analysis to emulate the physical operating conditions of power transformers. Short-circuit faults within transformer winding are simulated at several fault levels and the FRA signature for each case study is obtained and compared with the healthy signature. Results show that there is a minimum detection level of short circuit faults that can be detected using FRA technique.
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