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dc.contributor.authorvan der Kaars, S.
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Gifford
dc.contributor.authorTurney, C.
dc.contributor.authorCook, E.
dc.contributor.authorNurnberg, D.
dc.contributor.authorSchonfeld, J.
dc.contributor.authorKershaw, A.
dc.contributor.authorLehman, S.
dc.identifier.citationvan der Kaars, S. and Miller, G. and Turney, C. and Cook, E. and Nurnberg, D. and Schonfeld, J. and Kershaw, A. et al. 2017. Humans rather than climate the primary cause of pleistocene megafaunal extinction in australia. Nature Communications. 8.

Environmental histories that span the last full glacial cycle and are representative of regional change in Australia are scarce, hampering assessment of environmental change preceding and concurrent with human dispersal on the continent ca. 47,000 years ago. Here we present a continuous 150,000-year record offshore south-western Australia and identify the timing of two critical late Pleistocene events: wide-scale ecosystem change and regional megafaunal population collapse. We establish that substantial changes in vegetation and fire regime occurred B70,000 years ago under a climate much drier than today. We record high levels of the dung fungus Sporormiella, a proxy for herbivore biomass, from 150,000 to 45,000 years ago, then a marked decline indicating megafaunal population collapse, from 45,000 to 43,100 years ago, placing the extinctions within 4,000 years of human dispersal across Australia. These findings rule out climate change, and implicate humans, as the primary extinction cause.

dc.publisherMacmillan Publishers Limited
dc.titleHumans rather than climate the primary cause of pleistocene megafaunal extinction in australia
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleNature Communications
curtin.departmentDepartment of Environment and Agriculture
curtin.accessStatusOpen access via publisher

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