A cross-sectional survey to investigate community understanding of medical research ethics committees
MetadataShow full item record
Study explanatory forms often state that an ethics committee has approved a research project. To determine whether the lay community understand the roles of ethics committees in research, we took a cross-sectional national sample from three sampling frames: the general population (n=1532); cohort study participants (n=397); and case-control study participants (n=151). About half (51.3%) of the participants had heard of ethics committees. Those who had were more likely to be those who had participated in previous surveys, older participants, those born in Australia and those with higher education. Almost all participants agreed that the roles of an ethics committee were to protect participants' privacy and ensure no harm came to study participants and most agreed that the committee's role was to ensure that the research was capable of providing answers. Case-control and cohort participants were more likely than the general population to consider that the role of an ethics committee was to design the research and obtain research funding. Overall, we found that about half of the population are aware of ethics committees and that most could correctly identify that ethics committees are there to protect the welfare and rights of research participants, although a substantial minority had some incorrect beliefs about the committees' roles. Increased education, particularly for migrants and older people, might improve understanding of the role of ethics committees in research.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Comparison between Nasal Swabs and Nasopharyngeal Aspirates for, and Effect of Time in Transit on, Isolation of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalisCarville, K.; Bowman, J.; Lehmann, Deborah; Riley, T. (2007)pmc logo image Logo of jcm Note: Performing your original search, comparison nasal swabs lehmann, in PubMed Central will retrieve 7 citations. Journal List > J Clin Microbiol > v.45(1); Jan 2007 Abstract ...
What is ethical leadership? A study to define the characteristics of ethical leadership : perspectives from Australian public and private sectorsCrews, Julie Anne (2011)A truth that's told with bad intent beats all the lies you can invent. William Blake (1757–1827)The ethical dimension of leadership has been widely acknowledged as being important in the contemporary business environment ...
Ethics and health promotion practice: Exploring attitudes and practices in Western Australian health organisationsReilly, T.; Crawford, Gemma; Lobo, Roanna; Leavy, Justine; Jancey, Jonine (2016)Issue addressed: Evidence-informed practice underpinned by ethics is fundamental to developing the science of health promotion. Knowledge and application of ethical principles are competencies required for health promotion ...