Constraining exhumation pathway in an accretionary wedge by (U-Th)/He thermochronology-Case study on Meliatic nappes in the Western Carpathians
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© 2014 Elsevier Ltd.This study reconstructs the late stages in the exhumation history of a nappe derived from the Meliatic accretionary wedge in the Western Carpathians by means of zircon and apatite (U-Th)/He dating. The Meliatic accretionary wedge formed due to the closure of the Neotethyan Triassic-Jurassic Meliata-Hallstatt Ocean in the Late Jurassic. The studied fragments of the blueschist-bearing Meliatic BÔrka Nappe were metamorphosed at low-temperature and high- to medium-pressure conditions at ca. 160-150. Ma and included into the accretionary wedge. The time of the accretionary wedge formation constrains the beginning of the BÔrka Nappe northward thrusting over the Gemeric Unit of the evolving Central Western Carpathians (CWC) orogenic wedge. The zircon (U-Th)/He data on four samples recorded three evolutionary stages: (i) cooling through the ~180. °C isotherm at 130-120. Ma related to starting collapse of the accretionary wedge, following exhumation of the high-pressure slices in the Meliatic accretionary wedge (ii) postponed exhumation and cooling of some fragments through the ~180. °C isotherm from 115 to 95. Ma due to ongoing collapse of this wedge and (iii) cooling from 80 to 65. Ma, postdating the thrusting (~100-80. Ma) of the BÔrka Nappe slices during the Late Cretaceous compression related to formation of the CWC orogenic wedge. The third stage already documents cooling of the Meliatic BÔrka Nappe slices in the CWC orogenic wedge. The apatite (U-Th)/He data may indicate cooling of a BÔrka Nappe slice to near-surface temperatures at ~65. Ma. The younger AHe age clusters indicate that at least one, or possibly two, reheating events could have occurred in the longer interval from ~40 to ~10. Ma during the Oligocene-Miocene. These were related to sedimentary burial and/or the magmatism as documented in other parts of the CWC.
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