Multi-system geochronological and isotopic constraints on age and evolution of the Gaoligongshan metamorphic belt and shear zone system in western Yunnan, China
MetadataShow full item record
The Gaoligongshan metamorphic belt, located east of the Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis (EHS) in the Yunnan province, southwestern China, is a compelling region in which to determine temporal constrains on crustal dynamic processes related to the Himalayan orogeny. We applied multi-system geo- and thermochronology (900. °C to <50. °C) to orthogneiss and mylonites from a major shear zone in the southern Gaoligongshan in order to elucidate the magmatic, cooling and exhumation history of this belt.Zircon U/Pb data reveal three magmatic events at ~486Ma, ~136Ma and ~76Ma. Similar ages are found in orthoderivative rocks of the neighboring Tengchong and Baoshan blocks, and the Gangdese batholith, suggesting that the southern Gaoligongshan is composed of an assemblage of Lhasa and Qiangtang terrane derived rocks. Muscovite Rb/Sr ages of 35-21Ma are coeval with the onset of lateral crustal displacement along major shear zones in Eastern Tibet and Indochina, and with the post-collision volcanic activity in western Yunnan. Biotite Rb/Sr and mica 40Ar/39Ar ages provide evidence that mylonitization along the Gaoligongshan shear zone and crustal rotation of the Tengchong and Baoshan blocks proceeded during the Miocene, between 19 and 12Ma, when the rocks rapidly cooled through the 350-280°C temperature range. Almost identical 40Ar/39Ar ages reported for the Karakorum-Jiali-Parlung Fault system in Western Tibet suggest that the Gaoligongshan shear zone is the southeastern continuation of this fault, recording the eastward extrusion of Tibet and crustal movement around the EHS. The final stage of exhumation of the Gaoligongshan occurred between 8 and 5Ma at an average exhumation rate of ~3km/Ma as documented by apatite fission-track and apatite (U-Th-Sm)/He data. This rapid exhumation was triggered by crustal root delamination and opening of the Andaman sea.Our results clearly show that the complex tectonothermal evolution of the Gaoligongshan was influenced by Tibetan extrusion and escape tectonics associated with lower crustal flow around the EHS and the southeastward movement of Indochina and back-arc extension in response to Andaman seafloor spreading. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Structural geology and gold mineralisation of the Ora Banda and Zuleika districts, Eastern Goldfields, Western Australia.Tripp, Gerard I. (2000)Late-Archaean deformation at Ora Banda 69km northwest of Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, resulted in upright folds (D2), ductile shear zones (D3), and a regional-scale brittle-ductile fault network (D4). Early low-angle ...
Reddy, Steven; Wheeler, J.; Bulter, R.; Cliff, R.; Freeman, S.; Inger, S.; Pickles, C.; Kelley, S. (2003)Kinematic data from the internal zones of the Western Alps indicate both top-to-SE and top-to-NW shearing during syn-kinematic greenschist facies recrystallisation. Rb/Sr data from white micas from different kinematic ...
Quigley, M.; Liangjun, Y.; Gregory, Courtney; Corvino, A.; Sandiford, M.; Wilson, C.; Xiaohan, L. (2008)Structural, petrographic and geochronologic studies of the Kampa Dome provide insights into the tectonothermal evolution of orogenic crust exposed in the North Himalayan gneiss domes of southern Tibet. U–Pb ion microprobe ...