Final amalgamation of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt in NE China: Paleo-Asian Ocean closure versus Paleo-Pacific plate subduction - A review of the evidence
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The Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) evolved through complex closure of the Paleo-Asian Ocean from the Neoproterozoic to the late Phanerozoic. This caused the Chinese cratons to collide with Eurasia and led to the formation of the world's largest Phanerozoic orogenic belt. Ocean closure commenced in the west and was completed in the east near Changchun. Closure of the Paleo-Asian Ocean in NE China was along the Solonker-Xar Moron-Changchun-Yanji suture and this was likely completed in the Late Permian, although associated activity continued into the Triassic. There was an overlap in the latest Permian-Early Triassic between terminal activity associated with Paleo-Asian Ocean closure and the onset of tectonism associated with subduction of the Paleo-Pacific plate. This switch in geodynamic setting occurred at ~. 260-250. Ma, and is reflected by a relaxing of north-south directed compression and the onset of east-west directed processes related to Paleo-Pacific subduction. By the Early Jurassic, events associated with the westward advance of the Paleo-Pacific plate dominated, leading to extensive development of I-type granites as far inland as the Great Xing'an Range. From ~. 140. Ma, the Paleo-Pacific plate retreated eastward, resulting in an extensional setting in the Early Cretaceous, the effects of which were enhanced by regional thinning of the lithosphere, commonly attributed to delamination. Throughout this period, the eastern Asian margin was tectonically complex. The north-south oriented Jiamusi-Khanka(-Bureya) block was rifted away from the eastern margin of the CAOB in the Late Triassic, but was then re-united in the Jurassic by westward-advancing subduction that affected both the western and eastern margins of the block. Accretionary complexes continued to evolve in the Cretaceous along the whole eastern margin of Asia, with final accretion of the Nadanhada Terrane (part of the Sikhote-Alin accretionary terrane) with the CAOB at ~. 130. Ma, followed by the emplacement of S-type granites.
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The late Paleozoic to Mesozoic evolution of the eastern margin of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt in ChinaWilde, Simon; Zhou, J. (2015)© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. The north-east Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) in China records terminal closure of the Paleo-Asian Ocean in the mid- to late Permian along the Solonker-Xar Moron-Changchun suture. This marks the ...
The timing of final closure along the Changchun-Yanji suture zone: Constraints from detrital zircon U-Pb dating of the Triassic Dajianggang Formation, NE ChinaWang, B.; Zhou, J.; Wilde, Simon; Zhang, X.; Ren, S. (2015)© 2015 Elsevier B.V. The Dajianggang Formation is located in the Changchun-Yanji suture zone of central Jilin Province and unconformably overlies the Changchun-Yanji Accretionary Complex (CYAC), which is a mélange resulting ...
A Middle Permian Ophiolitic Mélange Belt in the Solonker Suture Zone, Western Inner Mongolia, China: Implications for the Evolution of the Paleo-Asian OceanFu, D.; Huang, B.; Kusky, T.; Li, G.; Wilde, Simon; Zhou, W.; Yu, Y. (2018)The Solonker suture zone in the southeastern Central Asian Orogenic Belt is generally regarded as the location of the final closure of the Paleo-Asian Ocean, formed by complex and cryptic accretionary processes during ...