Improved adsorption performance of nanostructured composite by ultrasonic wave: Optimization through response surface methodology, isotherm and kinetic studies
MetadataShow full item record
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.In this work, ultrasound-assisted adsorption of an anionic dye, sunset yellow (SY) and cationic dyes, malachite green (MG), methylene blue (MB) and their ternary dye solutions onto Cu@ Mn-ZnS-NPs-AC from water aqueous was optimized by response surface methodology (RSM) using the central composite design (CCD). The adsorbent was characterized using Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and EDX mapping images. The effects of various parameters such as pH, sonication time, adsorbent mass and initial concentrations of SY, MG and MB were examined. A total 33 experiments were conducted to establish a quadratic model. Cu@ Mn-ZnS-NPs-AC has the maximum adsorption efficiency (>99.5%) when the pH, sonication time, adsorbent mass and initial concentrations of SY, MG and MB were optimally set as 6.0, 5 min, 0.02 g, 9, 12 and 12 mg L-1, respectively. Sonication time has a statistically significant effect on the selected responses. Langmuir isotherm model was found to be best fitted to adsorption and adsorption capacities were 67.5 mg g-1 for SY, 74.6 mg g-1 for MG and 72.9 mg g-1 for MB. Four kinetic models (pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order, Weber–Morris intraparticle diffusion rate and Elovich) were tested to correlate the experimental data and the sorption was fitted well with the pseudo-second order kinetic model.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Che Ibrahim, Shariff (2010)Barley straw, an agricultural byproduct, was identified as a potential adsorbent material for wastewater treatment as it offers various advantages such as abundant availability at no or very low cost, little processing ...
Kirwan, Luke J. (2002)For the majority of tailings substrates, flocculant adsorption proceeds through hydrogen bonding of the amide functionalities with neutral surfaces. However, flocculation of Bayer process residue solids takes place in ...
Jones, Franca (1998)The aim of this study was to determine the mechanism of Bayer residue flocculation. Hematite was chosen as the test substrate as it is a common Bayer residue mineral. Batch settling tests were used to gain an understanding ...