Provisional internal and external power exchange to support remote sustainable microgrids in the course of power deficiency
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This paper proposes a power exchange strategy for sustainable microgrids (MGs) of remote areas that have no access to a utility grid. This strategy manages the MG during power deficiencies under a decentralised approach (DA), which is the most probable case for remote MGs due to the lack of communication systems, or a centralised approach if a data communication system is available. Under each approach, a two-level (internal/external) control is established. The internal support is provided through power exchange with local energy storage while the external support is provided through power exchange with a neighbouring MG, after their temporary coupling. Appropriate conditions and constraints, under which the necessity and possibility of internal/external power exchange can be determined, are defined and formulated. These terms are based on local frequency measurements (for DA) and instantaneous power generation of the dispatchable distributed energy resources (for centralised approach). The dynamic performance of a remote system, composed of two MGs, operating with this strategy is evaluated by simulation studies in PSCAD/EMTDC. Furthermore, the small signal stability of such a system is investigated in MATLAB.
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