Local composite likelihood for spatial point processes
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© 2017 Elsevier B.V.We develop a general approach to spatial inhomogeneity in the analysis of spatial point pattern data. The ideas of local likelihood (or 'geographically weighted regression') are applied to the composite likelihoods that are commonly used for spatial point processes. For Poisson point processes, local likelihood is already known; for Gibbs point processes we develop a local version of Besag's pseudolikelihood; for Cox point processes and Neyman-Scott cluster processes we develop a local version of the Palm likelihood of Ogata and Katsura. Using recent results for composite likelihood and for spatial point processes, we develop tools for statistical inference, including intensity approximations, variance estimators, localised tests for the significance of a covariate effect, and global tests of homogeneity. Computationally efficient approximations are available using the Fast Fourier Transform. We develop methods for bandwidth selection, which may also be useful for smoothing dependent spatial data. There are mathematical connections to existing exploratory methods such as the scan statistic, local indicators of spatial association, and point process residuals. The methods are demonstrated on three example datasets, and R code is supplied.
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Baddeley, Adrian; Rubak, E.; Moller, J. (2011)We develop new tools for formal inference and informal model validation in the analysis of spatial point pattern data. The score test is generalized to a “pseudo-score” test derived from Besag’s pseudo-likelihood, and to ...
Baddeley, Adrian; Turner, R.; Rubak, E. (2015)© 2015 Taylor & Francis We investigate an analogue of the likelihood ratio test for spatial Gibbs point process models fitted by maximum pseudolikelihood or maximum composite likelihood. The test statistic must be adjusted ...
Baddeley, Adrian; Chang, Y.; Song, Y.; Turner, R. (2012)In the statistical analysis of spatial point patterns, it is often important to investigate whether the point pattern depends on spatial covariates. This paper describes nonparametric (kernel and local likelihood) methods ...