WMO Assessment of Weather and Climate Mortality Extremes: Lightning, Tropical Cyclones, Tornadoes, and Hail
MetadataShow full item record
A World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Commission for Climatology international panel was convened to examine and assess the available evidence associated with five weather-related mortality extremes: 1) lightning (indirect), 2) lightning (direct), 3) tropical cyclones, 4) tornadoes, and 5) hail. After recommending for acceptance of only events after 1873 (the formation of the predecessor of the WMO), the committee evaluated and accepted the following mortality extremes: 1) “highest mortality (indirect strike) associated with lightning” as the 469 people killed in a lightning-caused oil tank fire in Dronka, Egypt, on 2 November 1994; 2) “highest mortality directly associated with a single lightning flash” as the lightning flash that killed 21 people in a hut in Manica Tribal Trust Lands, Zimbabwe (at time of incident, eastern Rhodesia), on 23 December 1975; 3) “highest mortality associated with a tropical cyclone” as the Bangladesh (at time of incident, East Pakistan) cyclone of 12–13 November 1970 with an estimated death toll of 300 000 people; 4) “highest mortality associated with a tornado” as the 26 April 1989 tornado that destroyed the Manikganj district, Bangladesh, with an estimated death toll of 1300 individuals; and 5) “highest mortality associated with a hailstorm” as the storm occurring near Moradabad, India, on 30 April 1888 that killed 246 people. These mortality extremes serve to further atmospheric science by giving baseline mortality values for comparison to future weather-related catastrophes and also allow for adjudication of new meteorological information as it becomes available.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Experimental and Numerical Study of Composite Lightweight Structural Insulated Panel with Expanded Polystyrene Core against Windborne Debris ImpactsChen, Wensu; Hao, Hong (2014)Natural disasters such as cyclone, hurricane, tornado and typhoon cause tremendous loss around the world. The windborne debris usually imposes high speed localized impact on the building envelope, which may harm people ...
Socioeconomic status in relation to cardiovascular disease and causespecific mortality: A comparison of Asian and Australasian populations in a pooled analysisWoodward, M.; Peters, S.; Batty, G.; Ueshima, H.; Woo, J.; Giles, G.; Barzi, F.; Ho, S.; Huxley, Rachel; Arima, H.; Fang, X.; Dobson, A.; Lam, T.; Vathesatogkit, P. (2015)© 2015, BMJ. All rights reserved. Objectives: In Western countries, lower socioeconomic status is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature mortality. These associations may plausibly ...
The impact of opioid substitution therapy on mortality post-release from prison: Retrospective data linkage studyDegenhardt, L.; Larney, S.; Kimber, J.; Gisev, N.; Farrell, M.; Dobbins, T.; Weatherburn, D.; Gibson, A.; Mattick, R.; Butler, Tony; Burns, L. (2014)Aims: Release from prison is a high-risk period for mortality. We examined the impact of opioid substitution therapy (OST), for opioid dependence during and after incarceration, upon mortality post-release. Design: A ...