Review of the round herrings of the genus Etrumeus (Clupeidae: Dussumieriinae) of Africa, with descriptions of two new species
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A review of the round herrings of the genus Etrumeus from Africa is presented based on morphological and molecular evidence. Etrumeus golanii is described from the northern Red Sea (and also an immigrant to the Mediterranean), and Etrumeus wongratanai is described from the east coast of Africa, from Durban to northeastern Somalia. The species described herein are characterized by reciprocally monophyletic mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b sequences (d = 3.30%), indicating a long period of separation (ca. 1.65 million years). Etrumeus golanii and E. wongratanai were formerly identified as the northwestern Atlantic species of the genus, E. sadina (regarded as a senior synonym of E. teres), from which they are modally distinct in having 47-51 and 43-47 gill-rakers respectively, versus 48-54. E. wongratanai and E. whiteheadi from South Africa are sympatric near Durban, but are distinct based on mtDNA sequence divergence (d = 19.0%), the number of vertebrae (52 or 53 for E. wongratanai versus 50), and gill-raker count (51-56 for E. whiteheadi versus 43-47).
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Crous, P.; Wingfield, M.; Guarro, J.; Cheewangkoon, R.; van der Bank, M.; Swart, W.; Stchigel, A.; Cano-Lira, J.; Roux, J.; Madrid, H.; Damm, U.; Wood, A.; Shuttleworth, L.; Hodges, C.; Munster, M.; de Jesús Yáñez-Morales, M.; Zúñiga-Estrada, L.; Cruywagen, E.; de Hoog, G.; Silvera, C.; Najafzadeh, J.; Davison, Elaine; Davison, P.; Barrett, M.; Barrett, R.; Manamgoda, D.; Minnis, A.; Kleczewski, N.; Flory, S.; Castlebury, L.; Clay, K.; Hyde, K.; Maússe-Sitoe, S.; Chen, S.; Lechat, C.; Hairaud, M.; Lesage-Meessen, L.; Pawlowska, J.; Wilk, M.; Sliwinska-Wyrzychowska, A.; Metrak, M.; Wrzosek, M.; Pavlic-Zupanc, D.; Maleme, H.; Slippers, B.; Mac Cormack, W.; Archuby, D.; Grünwald, N.; Tellería, M.; Dueñas, M.; Martín, M.; Marincowitz, S.; de Beer, Z.; Perez, C.; Gené, J.; Marin-Felix, Y.; Groenewald, J. (2013)Novel species of microfungi described in the present study include the following from South Africa: Camarosporium aloes, Phaeococcomyces aloes and Phoma aloes from Aloe, C. psoraleae, Diaporthe psoraleae and D. ...
A multi-locus phylogeny of Euryops (Asteraceae, Senecioneae) augments support for the "Cape to Cairo" hypothesis of floral migrations in AfricaDevos, N.; Barker, N.; Nordenstam, B.; Mucina, Ladislav (2010)With about 100 species, Euryops (Cass.) Cass. ranks among the most speciose genera of the tribe Senecioneae (Asteraceae). The genus has its greatest diversity in South Africa, and displays an interesting disjunct distribution ...
A multi-locus phylogeny of Euryops (Asteraceae, Senecioneae) augments support for the "Cape to Cairo" hypothesis of floral migrations in AfricaMucina, Ladislav; Devos, N.; Barker, N.; Nordenstam, B. (2010)With about 100 species, Euryops (Cass.) Cass. ranks among the most speciose genera of the tribe Senecioneae (Asteraceae). The genus has its greatest diversity in South Africa, and displays an interesting disjunct distribution ...