Translating dental flossing intentions into behavior: A longitudinal investigation of the mediating effect of planning and self-efficacy
MetadataShow full item record
Purpose: Although poor oral hygiene practices can have serious health consequences, a large number of adults brush or floss their teeth less than the recommended time or not at all. This study examined the mediating effect of two key self-regulatory processes, self-efficacy and planning, as the mechanisms that translate dental flossing intentions into behavior. Method: Participants (N = 629) comprised young adults attending a major university in Queensland, Australia. A longitudinal design guided by sound theory was adopted to investigate the sequential mediation chain for the effect of dental flossing intentions (time 1) on behavior (time 3) via self-efficacy and planning (time 2). Results: A latent variable structural equation model with standardized parameter estimates revealed the model was a good fit to the data. Controlling for baseline flossing, the effect of intentions on behavior was mediated via self-efficacy and planning, with 64 % of the flossing variance accounted for by this set of predictors. Controlling for age and sex did not change the results. Conclusion: The results extend previous research to further elucidate the mechanisms that help to translate oral hygiene intentions into behavior and make a significant contribution to the cumulative empirical evidence about self-regulatory components in health behavior change.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Zhou, G.; Gan, Y.; Hamilton, Kyra; Schwarzer, R. (2017)Objective: The aim of the current study was to examine the joint effect of self-efficacy, action planning, and received social support on fruit and vegetable intake. Design: The study used a longitudinal design with 3 ...
Effects of Self-Efficacy on Healthy Eating Depends on Normative Support: a Prospective Study of Long-Haul Truck DriversHamilton, Kyra; Hagger, Martin (2018)Purpose: Fruit and vegetable intake (FV) is insufficient in industrialized nations and there is excess of discretionary food choices (DC; foods high in fat, sugar, and salt). Long-haul truck drivers are considered a ...
Predicting Physical Activity-Related Outcomes in Overweight and Obese Adults: A Health Action Process ApproachHattar, A.; Pal, Sebely; Hagger, Martin (2016)Background: We tested the adequacy of a model based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) in predicting changes in psychological, body composition, and cardiovascular risk outcomes with respect to physical activity ...