Dumbbell-Shaped Bi-component Mesoporous Janus Solid Nanoparticles for Biphasic Interface Catalysis
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There is a strong desire to design and synthesize catalysts that assemble at the oil-water interface to improve the efficiency of biphasic reactions. Anisotropic dumbbell-shaped bi-component mesoporous carbon-organosilica Janus particles with asymmetric wettability are synthesized through a one-step compartmentalized growth of a mesoporous organosilica sphere attached to a mesoporous resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) sphere. A library was prepared of tunable Janus particles possessing diverse hollow structures with various functionalities. As a proof of concept, the Janus particle-derived catalyst can assemble at the oil-water interface to stabilize Pickering emulsions. Owing to the increased reaction interface area, the Janus catalyst exhibits a more than three-fold increase in catalytic efficiency compared to the Pt loaded carbon sphere catalyst in aqueous hydrogenation reactions.
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