Persistence and Subtype Stability of ADHD Among Substance Use Disorder Treatment Seekers.
MetadataShow full item record
Objective: To examine ADHD symptom persistence and subtype stability among substance use disorder (SUD) treatment seekers. Method: In all, 1,276 adult SUD treatment seekers were assessed for childhood and adult ADHD using Conners’ Adult ADHD Diagnostic Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV; CAADID). A total of 290 (22.7%) participants met CAADID criteria for childhood ADHD and comprise the current study sample. Results: Childhood ADHD persisted into adulthood in 72.8% (n = 211) of cases. ADHD persistence was significantly associated with a family history of ADHD, and the presence of conduct disorder and antisocial personality disorder. The combined subtype was the most stable into adulthood (78.6%) and this stability was significantly associated with conduct disorder and past treatment of ADHD. Conclusion: ADHD is highly prevalent and persistent among SUD treatment seekers and is associated with the more severe phenotype that is also less likely to remit. Routine screening and follow-up assessment for ADHD is indicated to enhance treatment management and outcomes.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Kinstenius, M.; Leifman, A.; van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen, K.; van de Glind, G.; Franck, J.; Moggi, F.; Ramos-Quiroga, J.; Levin, F.; Carpentier, P.; Skuttle, A.; Bu, E.; Kaye, S.; Demetrovics, Z.; Barta, C.; Auriecomb, M.; Fatséas, M.; Johnson, B.; Faraone, S.; Allsop, Steve; Carruthers, Susan; Schoevers, R.; Verspreet, S.; Dom, G.; Koeter, M.; van den Brink, W. (2017)Background: Childhood trauma exposure (CTE) is frequently reported by those with substance use disorders (SUDs). SUDs also frequently co-occur with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Objective: To investigate ...
Kaye, S.; Gilsenan, J.; Young, J.; Carruthers, Susan; Allsop, Steve; Degenhardt, L.; van de Glind, G.; van den Brink, W. (2014)Background: Impulsivity and consequent risk-taking are features of both Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and substance use disorder (SUD). To date there are no data on the impact of comorbid ADHD on the ...
Kaye, S.; Gilsenan, J.; Young, Jesse; Carruthers, Susan; Allsop, Steve; Degenhardt, L.; van de Glind, G.; van den Brink, W. (2014)Background: Impulsivity and consequent risk-taking are features of both Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and substance use disorder (SUD). To date there are no data on the impact of comorbid ADHD on the ...