Susceptibility to non-tuberculous mycobacterial disease is influenced by rs1518111 in IL10
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Although exposure to potentially pathogenic nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) via soil and domestic water supplies is common, pulmonary infection and disease are confined to a small proportion of older individuals. Previously, alleles of a polymorphism in IL10 (rs1800896) were associated with NTM disease and we demonstrated elevated production of IL-10 by blood leukocytes from patients with pulmonary NTM. Here seven additional polymorphisms in IL10 were investigated in a larger cohort of Caucasian controls and patients with pulmonary NTM disease. This demonstrated a significant association between pulmonary NTM disease and one polymorphism (rs1518111) in strong linkage disequilibrium with rs1800896.
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