Methane and Carbon Dioxide Adsorption on Illite
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The adsorption of CH4 and CO2 onto illitic clay was investigated at the temperatures 298, 313, 328, 358, and 423 K (25, 40, 55, 85, and 150°C) over a range of pressures up to 50 MPa using grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations. Our simulation results showed spontaneous and exothermic adsorption behavior of illite for CH4 and CO2 with enthalpy changes of -3.50 kJ/mol and -25.09 kJ/mol, respectively. Our results indicated that the interlayer counter cations (K+) play an important role in CO2 adsorption. Methane adsorption is mainly affected by the clay surface layers rather than the interlayer counter cations. The density and volume of CH4 and CO2 in their adsorbed phase at saturation were extrapolated from the linear portion of the excess adsorption isotherm. The resulting values were compared with available experimental data, and possible factors causing inconsistency were described. We discussed some issues associated with the Langmuir fit to experimental excess adsorption data in the case of low pressures. Our findings may provide some insights into gas adsorption behavior in illite-bearing shales.
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