Is neighbourhood access to tobacco outlets related to smoking behaviour and tobacco-related health outcomes and hospital admissions?
MetadataShow full item record
© 2016 Elsevier Inc. Objectives: Although the harms of tobacco use are widely accepted, few studies have examined the relationship between access to tobacco outlets and hospital admissions. This study aimed to examine the relationship between neighbourhood access to tobacco outlets, smoking and hospital admissions and self-reported morbidity. Methods: Responses as to smoking behaviour were obtained from 12,270 adult participants in Western Australia (2003-2009) and individually record-linked to hospital admissions and geographically linked to tobacco outlets. Results: Neighbourhood access to tobacco outlets was marginally positively associated with being a current versus a past smoker. Tobacco outlet access was also positively associated with heart disease for smokers but not non-smokers. For smokers, each additional outlet within 1600 m of home was associated with a 2% increase in the odds of heart disease. Conclusion: Smokers with greater access to tobacco outlets were more likely to be diagnosed with or admitted to hospital for heart disease. Regulating the density of tobacco outlets in the community has immense potential to improve health benefits and our results motivate the need for future longitudinal studies to confirm this hypothesis.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
An Exploration of Young Australian Women's Smoking Cessation Goals across the Trajectory of Pregnancy and Post BirthLewis, Lucy; Hauck, Yvonne; Ronchi, Fiona; Crichton, C.; Allsop, Steve; Doherty, D. (2016)Objective: Young pregnant women are more likely than other pregnant women to smoke tobacco during pregnancy and post birth. This study explored young women’s perceptions of the factors which impact their smoking cessation ...
Turner, Sian Elizabeth (2009)Background and research questions. The characterization of chronic persistent asthma in an older adult population is not well defined. This is due to the difficulties in separating the diagnosis of asthma from that of ...
The effect of retail cigarette pack displays on unplanned purchases: results from immediate post-purchase interviewsCarter, Owen; Mills, Brennen; Donovan, Robert (2009)Objective: To assess the influence of point-of-sale (POS) cigarette displays on unplanned purchases. Methods: Intercept interviews were conducted with customers observed purchasing cigarettes from retail outlets featuring ...