Neurocognitive functioning in adolescents with eating disorders: A population-based study.
MetadataShow full item record
Introduction: Neurocognitive deficits have been identified in eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. However, current data do not allow for firm conclusions regarding the nature or extent of these deficits. The current study aimed to evaluate neurocognitive functioning in a population-based sample of adolescents with and without eating disorders.Methods: Participants (N=669) were drawn from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Cognitive testing was conducted using the computerised CogState assessment battery. Eating disorder symptoms were assessed using questions adapted from the Child Eating Disorder Examination and Eating Disorder Examination–Questionnaire. Adolescents who met full or partial criteria for a DSM-IV eating disorder (n=58) were compared to adolescents with no significant eating pathology (n=592).Results: The eating disorder sample showed impaired performance on measures of executive functioning, including global processing and set shifting, but performed better than control participants on measures of visual attention and vigilance.Conclusions: This is the first study to evaluate neurocognitive functioning in a population-based sample of adolescents with eating disorders. Support is provided for weak central coherence and set-shifting difficulties early in the course of eating disorders. Research is needed to determine if these deficits precede and predict eating disorder onset.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Preventing falls in In-Patient Older Adult Mental Health Services: Different Causative Factors in Mental and Neurocognitive DisordersHeslop, Karen; Wynaden, Dianne; Tohotoa, Jenny (2014)Aims: To compare falls sustained in two groups of patients (one with mental disorders and the other neurocognitive disorders), in two acute inpatient older adult mental health services in Western Australia (WA). Background: ...
Astfalck, Roslyn G (2009)The prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in the adolescent population is high, with rates approaching adult levels. It has previously been shown that those with LBP during adolescence are at greater risk of experiencing LBP ...
Understanding motor coordination and its cognitive, academic, and psychosocial correlates in an adolescent normative sampleRigoli, Daniela (2012)Over the past three decades, increasing attention has been paid to the importance of motor competence in relation to other areas of a child’s development, including cognitive functioning, academic achievement, and emotional ...