Effects of gas concentration and venting pressure on overpressure transients during vented explosion of methane-air mixtures
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© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 29 batches of vented explosion tests were conducted in a 12 m 3 concrete chamber filled with methane-air mixtures to investigate the effects of methane concentration and venting pressure on the development of overpressure inside the chamber. The deflagrations were vented from a square side window with a venting area of 0.64 m 2 upon rupture of the vent cover. The venting pressures were varied by using six different types of vent covers, and determined by performing a numerical simulation. Methane concentrations in the mixed gas varied between 6.5 and 13.5 vol.%, covering both lean and rich combustion regimes. The generation conditions of the four types of overpressure-time profiles with different overpressure transients were summarized. Among the overpressure transients, the ?P 1 caused by failure of the vent cover and the ?P 4 resulted from the coupling between acoustic mode and flame were basically dominant. The rate of ?P 1 rise as well as peak value of ?P 1 and ?P 4 showed a same trend of first increasing and then decreasing with the methane concentration from lean to rich. They reached their maximum value at the methane concentration of about 9.5%, whereas the rate of ?P 4 rise was found to be insensitive to the methane concentration. The peak value of ?P 1 increased with the venting pressure, while that of ?P 4 first increased and then decreased as the venting pressure increased. In addition, the rates of ?P 1 and ?P 4 rise were both insensitive to the venting pressure. The occurrence of ?P 4 was depended on the methane concentration and the venting pressure. The differences in the behavior of these overpressure transients suggest their different generation mechanisms.
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