Simultaneous Hydrate and Corrosion Inhibition with Modified Poly(vinyl caprolactam) Polymers
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Corrosion and unwanted gas hydrate formation in subsea flowlines are two of the major issues that the global gas industry faces when transporting natural gas. Gas hydrates can cause severe blockages due to the formation of hydrate plugs that block the flow. Corrosion issues lead to significant economic loss in terms of prevention and repair. To manage these issues, hydrate and corrosion inhibitors are injected separately to subsea flowlines. However, there are often compatibility issues that negatively impact their performance as a result of surface and molecular interactions. The aim of this study is to tackle this compatibility problem by developing single polymer molecules that simultaneously prevent hydrate formation and inhibit corrosion. The resulting materials are termed as kinetic hydrate and corrosion inhibitors (KHCIs). The molecules are designed and assembled using key structural motifs that are known kinetic hydrate inhibitor s (KHIs) and corrosion inhibitors. Specifically a KHI base polymer is modified with corrosion groups using a series of highly efficient chemical reactions. This method generates controlled libraries of inhibitors with the same molecular weight (Mw), Mw distribution, end groups, and composition along the chain. This control allows for accurate interpretation of the effect of the structural group on the hydrate and corrosion inhibition. This is a proof-of-concept study that can be expanded with further performance testing and modifications of polymer structure.
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Kinetic Hydrate Inhibition Performance of Poly(vinyl caprolactam) Modified with Corrosion Inhibitor GroupsPark, Joonhyeong; Kim, H.; Sheng, Q.; Wood, C.; Seo, Y. (2017)© 2017 American Chemical Society. Multifunctional polymers were designed and synthesized that contain both a kinetic hydrate inhibitor and corrosion inhibitor groups. This was achieved by modifying a copolymer of vinyl ...
Obanijesu, Emmanuel Ogo-Oluwa (2012)Gas industry annually invests millions of dollars on corrosion inhibitors in order to minimize corrosion implications on flow assurance; however, attention has never been focused on possibilities of these chemicals to ...
Rojas González, Yenny V. (2011)The aim of this thesis is to investigate the formation process of tetrahydrofuran (THF) hydrates and natural gas hydrates, and the effect of kinetic hydrate inhibitors (KHIs) on the formation and growth of these hydrates. ...