Polydopamine-assisted decoration of TiO2 nanotube arrays with enzyme to construct a novel photoelectrochemical sensing platform
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A novel photoelectrochemical (PEC) bios ensing platform coupling with enzyme-induced biocatalytic precipitation (BCP) for H 2 O 2 was successfully constructed. TiO 2 nanotube arrays (TNs) were coated with polydopamine (PDA) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) as the PEC electrode through a facile method. PDA was incorporated into the sensor system not only as a sensitizing agent to alter the optical properties of TiO 2 nanotube arrays and enhance the visible light (? > 400 nm) absorption, but also as a bonding resin to HRP via Michael addition or Schiff base reaction. The immobilized HRP on the PEC electrodes could induce BCP reaction as the signal amplifier by oxidizing the 4-chloro-1-naphthol (4-CN) into insoluble products in the presence of H 2 O 2 . The quantitative monitoring of H 2 O 2 could be realized thanks to the photocurrent decrease caused by the BCP generated insoluble products deposited on the PEC electrode surface. The fabricated TNs@HRP/PDA PEC electrode for biosensing of H 2 O 2 exhibited a good sensitivity as well as selectivity in a detection range from 1 nM to 50 µM, with a detection limit of 0.7 nM.
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