A strongly coupled CoS2/ reduced graphene oxide nanostructure as an anode material for efficient sodium-ion batteries
MetadataShow full item record
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are highly attractive electrochemical devices for massive energy storage because of their low cost and abundance of sodium, but insufficient anode performance remains a key challenge for the commercialization of this attractive technology. In this study, a hierarchically porous CoS2/graphene composite with an architecture of CoS2 nanoparticles embedded in reduced graphene oxide (rGO) is synthesized through a one-step hydrothermal route allowing the growth of the CoS2 phase and the reduction of the graphene oxide simultaneously. This composite is applied as an anode material for SIBs, delivering favorable performance. The CoS2 phase consists of nanoparticles of ∼10 nm that are uniformly anchored on the rGO, forming a CoS2/rGO hybrid with strong phase interaction. As a conversion-type anode for SIBs, the electrochemical testing results show significantly enhanced sodium-storage properties for the CoS2/rGO composite compared with that of bare CoS2. Impressively, the CoS2/rGO nanostructure exhibits a high discharge capacity of approximately 400 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles at specific current of 100 mA g−1, corresponding to approximately 80% of the discharge capacity in the second cycle. Such improvement may be due to the two-dimensional conductive network, homogeneous dispersion and immobilization of the CoS2 nanoparticles, as well as the enhanced wettability of the active material in the electrolyte by introducing rGO. The results suggest that this well-designed conversion-type CoS2 is a promising anode material for high-performance SIBs.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Scalable synthesis of self-standing sulfur-doped flexible graphene films as recyclable anode materials for low-cost sodium-ion batteriesDeng, X.; Xie, K.; Li, L.; Zhou, W.; Sunarso, J.; Shao, Zongping (2016)The commercialization of anodes for sodium ion batteries (SIBs) requires multitude approaches such as the practicality of the synthesis process, battery performance and the recycling option which most studies overlooked. ...
Facile mechanochemical synthesis of nano SnO2/graphene composite from coarse metallic sn and graphite oxide: An outstanding anode material for lithium-ion batteriesYe, F.; Zhao, B.; Ran, R.; Shao, Zongping (2014)A facile method for the large-scale synthesis of SnO2 nanocrystal/graphene composites by using coarse metallic Sn particles and cheap graphite oxide (GO) as raw materials is demonstrated. This method uses simple ball ...
Electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol on Pt catalyst supported on nitrogen-doped graphene induced by hydrazine reductionZhao, Y.; Zhou, Y.; O'Hayre, R.; Shao, Zongping (2013)Hydrazine is often used to reduce graphene oxide (GO) to produce graphene. Recent observationssuggested that when hydrazine is used to reduce GO, the resulting reduced graphene actually contains certain amounts of nitrogen ...