The effect of approach/avoidance training on alcohol consumption is mediated by change in alcohol action tendency
MetadataShow full item record
Training people to respond to alcohol images by making avoidance joystick movements can affect subsequent alcohol consumption, and has shown initial efficacy as a treatment adjunct. However, the mechanisms that underlie the training's efficacy are unknown. The present study aimed to determine 1) whether the training's effect is mediated by a change in action tendency or a change in selective attention, and 2) whether the training's effect is moderated by individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC). Three groups of social drinkers (total N = 74) completed either approach-alcohol training, avoid-alcohol training or a sham-training on the Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT). Participants' WMC was assessed prior to training, while their alcohol-related action tendency and selective attention were assessed before and after the training on the recently developed Selective-Attention/Action Tendency Task (SA/ATT), before finally completing an alcohol taste-test. There was no significant main effect of approach/avoidance training on alcohol consumption during the taste-test. However, there was a significant indirect effect of training on alcohol consumption mediated by a change in action tendency, but no indirect effect mediated by a change in selective attention. There was inconsistent evidence of WMC moderating training efficacy, with moderation found only for the effect of approach-alcohol training on the AAT but not on the SA/ATT. Thus approach/avoidance training affects alcohol consumption specifically by changing the underlying action tendency. Multiple training sessions may be required in order to observe more substantive changes in drinking behaviour. © 2014 Sharbanee et al.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The interaction of approach-alcohol action tendencies, working memory capacity, and current task goals predicts the inability to regulate drinking behaviorSharbanee, Jason; Stritzke, W.; Wiers, R.; Young, P.; Rinck, M.; MacLeod, C. (2013)The inability to regulate alcohol consumption has been attributed to an imbalance between stimulus-driven behavioral biases, or action tendencies, and the ability to exert goal-directed control, or working memory capacity ...
Sharbanee, Jason; Stritzke, W.; Jamalludin, M.; Wiers, R. (2014)Rationale: Dysregulated alcohol consumption has been attributed to an imbalance between an approach-alcohol action tendency and executive control processes. However, which specific executive control processes are involved ...
Wilson, I.; Graham, Kathryn; Taft, A. (2014)Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant global public health issue. The consistent evidence thatalcohol use by one or both partners contributes to the risk and severity of IPV suggests that interventions ...