Bacteria induced cementation for soil stabilization
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© 2017 19th ICSMGE Secretariat. All rights reserved. In recent years, the use of microbiological processes to improve the mechanical properties of soil has gained some attention. This paper explores an emerging and promising biological soil stabilization technique, known as bio-cementation, using microbially induced calcite precipitation (MICP). In this work, uniform silica sand was treated using bio-cementation as well as ordinary Portland cement (OPC), and the results were compared in terms of the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) and permeability. The results indicate that bio-cementation is an effective soil stabilization technique in improving soil strength, with higher achieved UCS values and retained permeability than those of OPC-treated soil, demonstrating a major advantage for biocementation. The effectiveness of bio-cementation in harsh environment of extremely low and high temperatures was also examined, investigating the potential use of this technique in broader conditions in cold and arid regions. Furthermore, the performance of biocementation in marine environment was evaluated, showing the possibility of utilizing seawater as a natural calcium source to replace commercially available calcium chloride and demonstrating the feasibility of this technique in marine applications.
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Cheng, Liang; Shahin, Mohamed; Chu, J. (2018)© 2018, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. Soil bio-cementation via microbially induced carbonate precipitation (MICP) has been extensively studied as a promising alternative technique to traditional ...
Dekuyer, A.; Cheng, L.; Shahin, Mohamed; Cord-Ruwisch, R. (2012)Existing methods for improving the engineering properties of soils are diverse with respect to their final outcome. Grouting by chemical additives is currently one of the most commonly used soil stabilization techniques; ...
Assessment of different treatment methods by microbial-induced calcite precipitation for clayey soil improvementCheng, Liang; Shahin, Mohamed (2015)Microbial-induced calcite precipitation (MICP) utilises the metabolic pathway of ureolytic bacteria to form calcium carbonate precipitation throughout the soil matrix, leading to increased soil strength and stiffness. ...