The prevalence and predictors of dietary supplement use in the australian population
MetadataShow full item record
© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Current dietary supplement use in Australia is not well described. We investigated the prevalence and predictors of supplement use in the Australian population (n = 19,257) using data from the 2014-2015 National Health Survey. We reported the prevalence of supplement use by sex and age group and investigated the independent predictors of supplement use in adults, adolescents, and children using multiple logistic regression models. A total of 43.2% of adults (34.9% of males, 50.3% of females), 20.1% of adolescents (19.7% of males, 20.6% of females), and 23.5% of children (24.4% of males, 22.5% of females) used at least one dietary supplement in the previous two weeks. The most commonly used supplements were multivitamins and/or multiminerals and fish oil preparations. In adults, independent predictors of supplement use included being female, increasing age, being born outside Australia and other main English-speaking countries, having a higher education level, having a healthy BMI compared to those who were obese, being physically active, and being a non-smoker. To our knowledge, this is the first detailed investigation of dietary supplement use in a nationally-representative sample of the Australian population. Future studies investigating the contribution of supplements to overall dietary intakes of vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 fatty acids are warranted.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Predictors of vitamin D-containing supplement use in the Australian population and associations between dose and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrationsBlack, Lucinda; Jacoby, P.; Nowson, C.; Daly, R.; Lucas, R. (2016)© 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.Despite concerns about vitamin D deficiency in the Australian population, little is known about the prevalence and predictors of vitamin D-containing supplement ...
Alcohol consumption, smoking and lifestyle characteristics for Japanese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseHirayama, Fumi (2008)This thesis investigated lifestyle characteristics including cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, dietary supplements intake, physical activity, and urinary incontinence status for Japanese patients with chronic ...
Consumption of dietary supplements by Chinese women during pregnancy and postpartum: A prospective cohort studyTang, L.; Lee, A.; Yau, K.; Hui, Y.; Binns, Colin (2017)© 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.The objectives of this study were to investigate usage patterns and factors associated with maternal dietary supplementation by Chinese women. A prospective cohort study of 695 mothers, who ...