CO<inf>2</inf>capture using piperazine-promoted, aqueous ammonia solution: Rate-based modelling and process simulation
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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Due to the fast reaction rate of piperazine (PZ) with CO 2 , it has the potential to act as a promoter in aqueous ammonia (NH 3 )-based CO 2 capture processes. We have developed a rigorous, rate-based model for the NH 3 –PZ–CO 2 –H 2 O system using Aspen Plus ® , and validated the model against experimental results. Absorption and desorption processes were simulated under real flue gas conditions to gain a practical understanding of the behaviour and characteristics of interactions between PZ-promoted NH 3 solution and CO 2 . Adding PZ significantly increased the CO 2 absorption rate in the NH 3 -based CO 2 capture process via a fast reaction between PZ carbamate and CO 2 . The temperature along the column was higher than in the absence of PZ, and more free ammonia was released into the solution, which led to higher ammonia loss. Adding PZ also reduced the stripping heat, resulting in a smaller energy requirement for solvent regeneration.
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