Two orders of magnitude enhancement in oxygen evolution reactivity on amorphous Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-(delta) nanofilms with tunable oxidation state
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Perovskite oxides exhibit potential for use as electrocatalysts in the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). However, their low specific surface area is the main obstacle to realizing a high mass-specific activity that is required to be competitive against the state-of-the-art precious metal-based catalysts. We report the enhanced performance of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-d (BSCF) for the OER with intrinsic activity that is significantly higher than that of the benchmark IrO2, and this result was achieved via fabrication of an amorphous BSCF nanofilm on a surface-oxidized nickel substrate by magnetron sputtering. The surface nickel oxide layer of the Ni substrate and the thickness of the BSCF film were further used to tune the intrinsic OER activity and stability of the BSCF catalyst by optimizing the electronic configuration of the transition metal cations in BSCF via the interaction between the nanofilm and the surface nickel oxide, which enables up to 315-fold enhanced mass-specific activity compared to the crystalline BSCF bulk phase. Moreover, the amorphous BSCF-Ni foam anode coupled with the Pt-Ni foam cathode demonstrated an attractive small overpotential of 0.34 V at 10 mA cm(-2) for water electrolysis, with a BSCF loading as low as 154.8 µg cm(-2).
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Toward Enhanced Oxygen Evolution on Perovskite Oxides Synthesized from Different Approaches: A Case Study of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δXu, X.; Pan, Y.; Zhou, W.; Chen, Y.; Zhang, Z.; Shao, Zongping (2016)Development of electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) plays a critical role in electrochemical water splitting systems. Perovskite oxides represent one category of efficient catalysts for the OER, among ...
A top-down strategy for the synthesis of mesoporous Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ as a cathode precursor for buffer layer-free deposition on stabilized zirconia electrolyte with a superior electrochemical performanceSu, C.; Xu, X.; Chen, Y.; Liu., Y.; Tade, Moses; Shao, Zongping (2015)We develop a facile and effective top-down method for the fabrication of mesoporous Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ (BSCF) oxide with a high specific surface area (∼25 m2 g−1). The original BSCF is first synthesized by the simple ...
Nanostructured (Ba,Sr)(Co,Fe)O3-δ impregnated (La,Sr)mnO3 cathodes for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cellsAi, Na; Jiang, San Ping; Lü, Z.; Chen, Kongfa; Su, W. (2010)A nanostructured cathode is fabricated by incorporating a mixed ionic and electronic conducting (MIEC) perovskite, Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ (BSCF), via ion impregnation into the most common, highly electronic conducting, ...