Comparison of subjective wellbeing in substance users and the parents or partners of substance users
Embargo Lift Date
MetadataShow full item record
Introduction and Aims: There is growing interest in the impact of substance use on both the individual consumer's subjective wellbeing (SWB) and the reduced SWB of those closely connected to him or her. The study aimed to compare SWB among substance users ('consumers') and the parents or partners affected by another's substance use, and to evaluate the effect of counselling on changed SWB to 6 months. Design and Methods: The study used longitudinal data from a not-for-profit treatment service based in Perth, Australia. Subjective wellbeing was assessed with the Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI) at baseline and 6 months. Data were compared to national norms (mean 75.97) with one sample t tests. Change in PWI scores was assessed with generalised linear mixed models, controlling for age, gender, group (consumers versus parents or partners), psychological distress (Kessler-10) and social connectedness (Lubben). Results: Of 220 participants, 136 (62%) were consumers and 84 (38%) were parents or partners. At 6 months 123 (56%) were re-interviewed. At baseline, both consumers (mean 53.7) and parents or partners (mean 66.1) had significantly lower PWI scores than national norms. At 6 months, only the substance users' PWI scores remained significantly lower (mean 67.8). Subjective wellbeing significantly increased with time (ß=5.52; 95% confidence interval 3.15, 7.90), with no significant time by group interaction. Discussion and Conclusions: Both groups showed significant decrements in SWB compared with the general population but with improvements over the study period. However, the lack of a control group prevents definitive assertions on causality for improved SWB.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Comparison of subjective wellbeing in substance users and the parents or partners of substance users. Drug and Alcohol Review. , which has been published in final form at 37 (1): pp. S415-S419, 10.1111/dar.12615. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving at http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828039.html
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Johnson, Sarah E. (2010)Parental time pressure, in terms of actual workload and subjective reports, is high and likely to increase in the future, with ongoing implications for personal wellbeing. The combination of parenting young children and ...
Beatty, Shelley Ellen (2003)The long-term regular use of tobacco and hazardous alcohol use are responsible for significant mortality and morbidity as well as social and economic harm in Australia each year. There is necessary the more cost-efficient ...
La, Quang Ngoc (2011)Injury due to road traffic crash is a major cause of ill health and premature death in developing countries for adult men aged 15-44 years. Previous studies have focused on different road user groups, such as pedestrians, ...