Alcohol consumption and the physical availability of take-away alcohol: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of the days and hours of sale and outlet density
MetadataShow full item record
Objective: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were completed studying the effect of changes in the physical availability of take-away alcohol on per capita alcohol consumption. Previous reviews examining this topic have not focused on off-premise outlets where take-away alcohol is sold and have not completed meta-analyses. Method: Systematic reviews were conducted separately for policies affecting the temporal availability (days and hours of sale) and spatial availability (outlet density) of take-away alcohol. Studies were included up to December 2015. Quality criteria were used to select articles that studied the effect of changes in these policies on alcohol consumption with a focus on natural experiments. Random-effects meta-analyses were applied to produce the estimated effect of an additional day of sale on total and beverage-specific consumption. Results: Separate systematic reviews identified seven studies regarding days and hours of sale and four studies regarding density. The majority of articles included in these systematic reviews, for days/hours of sale (7/7) and outlet density (3/4), concluded that restricting the physical availability of take-away alcohol reduces per capita alcohol consumption. Meta-analyses studying the effect of adding one additional day of sale found that this was associated with per capita consumption increases of 3.4% (95% CI [2.7, 4.1]) for total alcohol, 5.3% (95% CI [3.2, 7.4] ) for beer, 2.6% (95% CI [1.8, 3.5]) for wine, and 2.6% (95% CI [2.1, 3.2] ) for spirits. The small number of included studies regarding hours of sale and density precluded meta-analysis. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that decreasing the physical availability of take-away alcohol will decrease per capita consumption. As decreasing per capita consumption has been shown to reduce alcohol-related harm, restricting the physical availability of take-away alcohol would be expected to result in improvements to public health.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Potential consequences of replacing a retail alcohol monopoly with a private licence system: Results from SwedenNorström, T.; Miller, T.; Holder, H.; Österberg, E.; Ramstedt, M.; Rossow, I.; Stockwell, Tim (2010)Aim To examine the potential effects of replacing the Swedish alcohol retail system with a private licensing system on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm.Design Two possible scenarios were analysed: (1) replacing ...
The effect of alcohol outlets, sales and trading hours on alcohol-related injuries at emergency departments in Perth, Australia, from 2002 to 2010.Hobday, M.; Chikritzhs, T.; Meuleners, L.; Liang, Wenbin (2015)INTRODUCTION: Research examining the effects of alcohol outlet density on alcohol-related harms has rarely included concurrent data on alcohol sales and extended trading hours. This study aimed to examine the effects of ...
Revealing the link between licensed outlets and violence: Counting venues versus measuring alcohol availabilityLiang, Wenbin; Chikritzhs, Tanya (2011)Introduction and Aims. Associations between alcohol-related harms and numbers of outlets at the neighbourhood level have been demonstrated; however, the degree to which alcohol consumption or sales plays a part in levels ...