The effects of ground granulated blast-furnace slag blending with fly ash and activator content on the workability and strength properties of geopolymer concrete cured at ambient temperature
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Inclusion of ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBFS) with class F fly-ash can have a significant effect on the setting and strength development of geopolymer binders when cured in ambient temperature. This paper evaluates the effect of different proportions of GGBFS and activator content on the workability and strength properties of fly ash based geopolymer concrete. In this study, GGBFS was added as 0%, 10% and 20% of the total binder with variable activator content (40% and 35%) and sodium silicate to sodium hydroxide ratio (1.5–2.5). Significant increase in strength and some decrease in the workability were observed in geopolymer concretes with higher GGBFS and lower sodium silicate to sodium hydroxide ratio in the mixtures. Similar to OPC concrete, development of tensile strength correlated well with the compressive strength of ambient-cured geopolymer concrete. The predictions of tensile strength from compressive strength of ambient-cured geopolymer concrete using the ACI 318 and AS 3600 codes tend to be similar to that for OPC concrete. The predictions are more conservative for heat-cured geopolymer concrete than for ambient-cured geopolymer concrete.
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in the journal Materials and Design. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in the journal Materials and Design, Vol.62 (2014). DOI:http://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2014.05.001
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Nath, Pradip; Sarker, Prabir (2015)Fly ash based geopolymer is an emerging low-emission binder for concrete. Recent studies have shown that the properties of geopolymers are similar to those of the OPC binder traditionally used for concrete. Most previous ...
Deb, Partha; Nath, Pradip; Sarker, Prabir (2013)Inclusion of ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) together with fly-ash can have significant effects on the development of strength and durability properties of geopolymer concrete when cured at normal temperature. ...
Deb, Partha; Nath, Pradip; Sarker, Prabir (2013)The properties of concrete using fly ash based geopolymer as the binder were shown in recent studies. However, most of the previous studies focused on the properties of geopolymer concrete samples cured at high temperature. ...