Identifying modifiable factors associated with health optimism in older adults
MetadataShow full item record
Funding and Sponsorship
This is an Author's Original Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Aging and Mental Health on 22/12/2017, available online at http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13607863.2017.1416589
Objective: Despite the documented importance of health optimism for enhancing health outcomes, very little work has been done to examine who experiences health optimism and under what conditions. The present study sought to identify modifiable factors associated with health optimism that could constitute the focus of future intervention efforts designed to promote health optimism among older people. Design: Participants were 453 (44% males) community-based Western Australians aged 60+ years (M = 70.39 years, SD = 6.06). Participants completed questionnaires to assess sociodemographic characteristics and provided information relating to physical and psychological health status. Results: Almost a quarter of participants (24%; n = 108) were classified as health optimists. Results from a multivariate regression analysis found quality of life, psychological well-being, and age to be directly and positively associated with health optimism. A subsequent path analytic model found depression (negatively) and self-efficacy (positively) to be indirectly associated with health optimism via both psychological well-being and quality of life. Conclusion: These findings extend the limited evidence on health optimism in older adults by identifying various modifiable factors that may constitute potential areas of focus for future interventions designed to enhance health outcomes via the fostering of health optimism.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Breastfeeding and health outcomes in infants who receive continuing care from hospitals or community health centres in Chengdu Sichuan Province, People’s Republic of ChinaYu, Chuan (2013)Introduction. The child health is one of the most important indicators of population health and the development of society. The health of children in China has improved in the past decades. The child health care system ...
Prestage, G.; Down, I.; Bradley, J.; McCann, P.; Brown, Graham; Jin, F.; Hurley, M. (2012)BACKGROUND:: Measures of HIV treatments optimism were developed in response to increased risk behavior among gay men, but were limited in their capacity to help understand gay men's risk behavior. METHODS:: We explored ...
The Australian Child Maltreatment Study (ACMS): Protocol for a national survey of the prevalence of child abuse and neglect, associated mental disorders and physical health problems, and burden of diseaseMathews, B.; Pacella, R.; Dunne, M.; Scott, J.; Finkelhor, D.; Meinck, F.; Higgins, D.J.; Erskine, H.; Thomas, H.J.; Haslam, D.; Tran, N.; Le, H.; Honey, N.; Kellard, K.; Lawrence, David (2021)Introduction: Child maltreatment (physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and exposure to domestic violence) is widely understood to be associated with multiple mental health disorders, physical health ...