Mitochondrial DNA metabolism in early development of zebrafish (Danio rerio)
MetadataShow full item record
Changes in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) population, together with the expression of a set of genes involved in mtDNA replication and transcription and genes encoding for components of OxPhos complexes, were studied during zebrafish development from early embryo to larval stages. The mtDNA copy number, measured from 1 h post-fertilization to the adult stage, significantly decreased over time, suggesting that mtDNA replication is not active in early zebrafish embryos and that, as in mammals, there occurs partition of the maternal mtDNA copies. Zebrafish genes involved in mtDNA replication (i.e. catalytic subunit of the mtDNA polymerase ?, mitochondrial deoxyribonucleoside kinase) are expressed late in embryo development, further supporting the notion that there is no replication of mtDNA in the early stages of zebrafish development. Notably, as from 4 days post-fertilization, marked expression of replication genes was observed in the exocrine pancreas. Interestingly, the mtDNA helicase, also involved in mtDNA replication, was detected early in development, suggesting diverse regulation of this gene. On the other hand, zebrafish mtDNA transcription genes (i.e. mtDNA-directed RNA polymerase, mitochondrial transcription factor A) were ubiquitously expressed in the early stages of development, suggesting that mitochondrial transcription is already active before mtDNA replication. This hypothesis of early activation of mtDNA transcription fits in with the high early expression of structural OxPhos genes, suggesting that an active OxPhos system is necessary during early embryogenesis. As well as providing the first description of mtDNA distribution during zebrafish development, the present study also represents a step toward the use of Danio rerio as a model for investigation of mitochondrial metabolism and disease. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Analysis of candidate genes within the 3p14-p22 region of the human genome for association with bone mineral density phenotypesMullin, Benjamin H (2011)Previous studies have identified the 3p14-p22 chromosomal region as a quantitative trait locus for bone mineral density (BMD). The overall aim of this thesis is to identify the gene or genes from this region that are ...
Molecular mechanism underlying aberrant expression of the connective tissue growth factor in paediatric pre-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemiaWelch, Mathew D. (2011)Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is the most common cancer diagnosed in children aged 1-14 years. There have been vast improvements in clinical outcomes for children diagnosed with ALL with cure rates of up to 90% ...
Mitochondrial complex II has a key role in mitochondrial-derived reactive oxygen species influence on plant stress gene regulation and defenseGleason, C.; Huang, S.; Thatcher, L.; Foley, R.; Anderson, C.; Carroll, A.; Millar, A.; Singh, Karambir (2011)Mitochondria are both a source of ATP and a site of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production.However, there is little information on the sites of mitochondrial ROS (mROS) production or the biological role of such mROS in ...